The Code of Massachusetts Regulations ( i.e., the rules, not statutes) at Title 110 §2 defines neglect as failure by a caretaker, either deliberately or through negligence or inability, to take those actions necessary to provide a child with minimally adequate food, clothing, shelter, medical care, supervision, emotional stability and growth, or other essential care; provided, however, that such inability is not due solely to inadequate economic resources or solely to the existence of a handicapping condition. This definition is not dependent upon location (i.e., neglect can occur while the child is in an out-of-home or in-home setting). This is a typical vague neglect law. Massachusetts child abandonment law is interpreted by parents’ groups and criminal law firms to mean it is unlawful to leave a child under age 10 home alone, though the law doesn’t explicitly say so. The abandonment law states, “Whoever abandons an infant under the age of ten within or without any building, or, being its parent, or being under a legal duty to care for it, and having made a contract for its board or maintenance, absconds or fails to perform such contract, and for four weeks after such absconding or breach of his contract, if of sufficient physical and mental ability, neglects to visit or remove such infant or notify the department of his inability to support such infant, shall be punished by imprisonment in a jail or house of correction for not more than two years. …” General Laws, Title XVI-119-39.